About mas-wrestling

About mas-wrestling

Mas-Wrestling – it is a kind of martial art from Yakutia. Its essence consists in pulling of a stick by two athletes. Athletes sit down against each other, their feet abut on a board and by the command of the referee try to pull over the opponent on his side or to pull out a stick from the opponent's hands.

The pledge of a victory is to keep balance and bring out of balance the opponent. For this purpose there is a movement legs along the board (athletes call it “to run on the board”), act body and hands, when the stick is unscrewed by horizontal and vertical (by rules only up to 90 degrees).

It is important that the opponent didn't pull out a stick in the first seconds with the fast movement. For this purpose athletes have to have such qualities as ability to react quickly, make decisions quickly, counterattack. The athlete can even pull over the opponent on his side, for this purpose there is an action when the athlete, planting the feet on a board of an emphasis and raising the center of body weight makes additional lever effort. Each match goes up to two victories and can consist of two or three bouts.

Competitions are held on a platform of 4 x 5 m, no more than 0,8 m high. Requirements to sports equipment, the equipment and the training venue and competition venue are determined by rules. On all inventory and equipment there are certificates of conformity state standard specifications. Technical specifications on their production are also approved.

The modern name of this kind of martial art was offered by the first Olympic Champion in free-style wrestling from the Sakha people Roman Dmitriyev. “Mas” in translation from Yakut means “wooden stick”, “Wrestling” from English  - “struggle”. From his easy hand, with the new name the Yakut Mas-Wrestling surely spreading on the world.

 

History

History

Mas-Wrestling – a special philosophy of physical and spiritual training of the harmonious personality, an integral part of rich culture of the Sakha people.

Mas-wrestling roots comes fr om deep of the past. The important factors of popularity were the geographical arrangement and climatic conditions. Life in Far North wh ere very long winters and temperature falls to minus 60 degrees and in summer goes to 40 degrees are constant struggle for survival. The Sakha people had to keep good physical condition for survival in severe climate. For this purpose throughout many generations a peculiar system of support of physical health of the nation and a part of this was Mas-Wrestling. Yakut people from immemorial times are engaged in original physical exercises and constantly organize various competitions.

From literature sources it is known that each young Yakut man had to have certain physical qualities for this purpose to be called the real man – “Bootur”. This sport helped to develop such motive and strong-willed qualities as power, dexterity, speed, endurance, courage and determination. The simple inventory allowed Yakut people to be engaged in this kind of martial art almost all the year round. It doesn't demand the special room – they can be engaged practically everywhere: indoors, in the yard, on a field.

All Yakut sports celebrities which have won honorary titles of the best in the world in their sport have passed through Mas-Wrestling, persistently being engaged in it since childhood. Among Yakut people there is no person who at least once wouldn't take part in competitions in this sport. Today our people love and admire the athletes in this sport, such as: Platon Platonov a.k.a. “Ookko Bukhatyyr”, Nikolai Kolodko, Anatoliy Baishev, Evgeniy Sivtsev, Vladimir Sharin, Ivan Beloliubskiy. Fedor Fedorov, etc.

On the historical homeland Mas-Wrestling has wide popularity.

As the sport Mas-Wrestling (then mas-tardyhyy or stick pulling) has been described in the 17th century by the first researchers of Siberia and Far North. In 1922 after establishment of the Soviet authority in Yakutia, in 1923 the Yakut Council for Physical Culture and Sport has been created. This Council in 1926 has defined national sports of Yakutia, there were described and made first rules by these sports. Then rules of competitions were improved several times. In 1959 qualification standards have been developed.

In 1932 stick pulling along with other national sports has been included in the program of the Yakutian Sport Festival. And since 1968 – in the program of the Sports Festival of national sports “Manchaary Games”.

The first official rules have been developed in 1945, then classification standards up to a rank of the Master of Sports of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) are several times reconsidered and improved, developed. Now competitions are held in 7 (seven) weight categories among adult men, 5 (five) – in women, in 6 (six) among young men and owing to innovations became very dynamic and spectacular.

In the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) changes are made into the program of physical training of comprehensive schools – classes in physical culture have included national sports including Mas-Wrestling. The special program for children's sports schools is developed, competitions among school students are regularly held. In all uluses (districts), Mas-Wrestling sections work in each settlement, trainers enthusiasts fruitfully work.

In a word, traditions aren't forgotten, the strong foundation is laid, the strong base is created and the potential for further development is huge. Brand new kind of martial art in short terms began to have wide popularity in Russia and beyond its borders. In 2000 Mas-Wrestling has been included in the program of the International Sports Games “Children of Asia” which have patronage of the International Olympic Committee.

Uniqueness and advantages

Uniqueness and advantages

At the seeming external simplicity, Mas-Wrestling helps athletes to develop comprehensively and harmoniously as during a bout all groups of muscles are involved. At systematically engaged Mas-wrestlers is formed the muscular corset allowing maintaining serious loadings.

The Yakut Mas-Wrestling as a way of check of power and endurance of the person exists in singular in the world as the incredible technique and functionality of work of all groups of muscles is in it.

In comparison with the last century the rules of Mas-Wrestling have strongly changed. The stick was just pulled earlier, sitting still. Later enthusiasts have begun to try to use different methods, run on the board with the purpose to beat the opponent out from balance, introduced restriction on time, etc. All this promoted rapid growth of popularity of the revived sport, it became more spectacular and dynamic, now competitions and television broadcastings from the place of events steadily attract interest of the most general public.

Mas-Wrestling – democratic sport as men, women, children and veterans can compete in it.

For engaging in Mas-Wrestling isn't necessary the expensive inventory, also specially equipped sports constructions aren't required. It is possible to organize competitions easily in the summer in the open air, and in the winter – on the small platform in any room.

One more advantage of Mas-Wrestling – its injury prevention. Nothing threatens the athletes who are well warmed before a bout unless it is possible to break callosities on palms which are formed at constantly engaged athletes.

Memorandum

MEMORANDUM
INTERNATIONAL MAS-WRESTLING DEVELOPMENT


WHEREAS that the National Sports being an essential part of the distinctive culture of the peoples in the world, able to be an effective facilities of physical and moral improvement of nations, mutual enrichment of cultures and tolerance, for peace and harmony.

RECOGNIZING that Mas-wrestling as the National sport, using the growing popularity, is available and massive, combining folk traditions and modern sports suits the standards, therefore representing a valuable thing for intensive development of human potential through physical education.

REALIZING that cooperation in Mas-wrestling popularization on International level will promote the development of intercultural contacts, widening the humanitarian contribution of people and organizations in various countries of the world.

ASPIRING to unite individuals and organizations interested in preserving the traditions of the nation of physical culture and sport, to spread of truth principles of organization of Mas-wrestling development, expansion of participating opportunity for athletes in competitions, regardless of nationality and gender, religion

We, the members of International Mas-Wrestling Federation, representatives of the National Mas-Wrestling Federations, athletes and coaches, being in Russian Federation, in the vast expanses of Yakutia – the home of this beautiful sport, accept this Memorandum and call to join all interested individuals and organizations who share the following principles and objectives: 
- we declare our intentions to develop Mas-wrestling as a part of the cultural heritage of the nation, exerting a positive influence on the development of physical and moral human qualities;
- we organize our activities, uniting efforts of society to account for the development of Mas-wrestling in the state social policies of our countries;
- we assume responsibility for employment in sports training, organizing massive employment of Mas-wrestling safe and effective tools and techniques, providing the harmonious physical development of a person, without using of prohibited drugs and doping;
- our activities suppose the expansion of Mas-wrestling information, rules of competitions and judging, accessible and modern methods of sports training;
- we will contribute to the innovations of Mas-wrestling development, involving the scientific community in our activities, highly qualified experts of our countries;
- in all directions of our activities, we will be guided by the Olympic ideals and principles, set the task of presenting Mas-wrestling to official recognition by the International Olympic Committee for further development under its aegis.

This Memorandum is open for signing by individuals and organizations, it is necessary to inform the Executive Committee of the International Mas-Wrestling Federation of additional joining.

November 30, 2014, Yakutsk
Russian Federation